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Photo Cheat Sheet Quiz - 6

Mushroom

a

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By Ajaykuyiloor

Question Jim's Answer

Is the light good?

Good light helps to communicate the photograph's intent.

Great light! Looks like sunlight filtered through some haze or high clouds.

What's the direction of the light?

• Sidelighting highlights texture and shape due to the shadows.

• Light from the camera conceals texture and shape.

• Backlighting separates the subject from the background.

From above

How large is the light source?

The size of the light source determines the contrast of the light.

The sunlight is not as contrasty as it usually is. That's because it's being diffused by haze.

What's the color of the light?

Set the white balance.

Set the white balance to Sunlight.

How much light is there?

Set the ISO

The light is so-so, so use an ISO of 400 or so.

Which letter do you use on the exposure mode dial?

Which letter do you use on the exposure mode dial?

• Use P if motion and depth-of-field are not important.

• S or Tv for motion is important. Motion includes subject motion and possible camera shake.

• A or Av for depth-of-field

Depth-of-field becomes more important as you get closer to the subject. Therefore, set the exposure mode dial to A or Av. For less depth-of-field, use a physically wide lens opening (f/4 - DSLR, f/2 or f/2.8 - P&S). For more depth-of-field, use a physically small lens opening (f/22 - DSLR, f/8 - P&S)

What you see is not what you get?

• Color

• Contrast

When should you not depend on the light meter?

• Is there something in the scene that will confuse your camera's light meter?

– A bright or dark area

– Backlighting

– Light or dark subject filling the frame

Again, the diffuse sunlight is beautiful.

What's the best focal length?

• Medium when close to the subject

• Wide-angle for more apparent shape and volume.

• Telephoto for apparent compression of space

Most DSLR zoom lenses do close-up photography best—when they're the most telephoto. Zoom to the largest mm, such as 55 mm or 200 mm.

Many P&S cameras have a button with a flower icon. Press the button for close-up photographs.

Click below for another photograph.