Learn Photography

Photo Cheat Sheet Quiz - 2

Jim on Snowshoes

Question Jim's Answer

Is the light good?

Good light helps to communicate the photograph's intent.

The sunlight was good for me, but not as good for the photograph.

What's the direction of the light?

• Sidelighting highlights texture and shape due to the shadows.

• Light from the camera conceals texture and shape.

• Backlighting separates the subject from the background.

The sunlight is coming from above to the left.

How large is the light source?

The size of the light source determines the contrast of the light.

Small = high contrast

What's the color of the light?

Set the white balance.

Set the white balance to Sunlight.

How much light is there?

Set the ISO.

The light is bright, so use a lower ISO such as 100 or 200.

Which letter do you use on the exposure mode dial?

• Use P if motion and depth-of-field are not important.

• S or Tv for motion is important. Motion includes subject motion and possible camera shake.

• A or Av for depth-of-field

P was used here.

You could blur the background more. Set the exposure mode dial to A or Av. Then, select a physically wide lens opening (f/4 - DSLR, f/2 or f2.8 - P&S).

What you see is not what you get?

• Color

• Contrast

When should you not depend on the light meter?

• Is there something in the scene that will confuse your camera's light meter?

– A bright or dark area

– Backlighting

– Light or dark subject filling the frame

The dark shadow is distracting. Pop-up flash was used below.

What's the best focal length?

• Medium when close to the subject

• Wide-angle for more apparent shape and volume.

• Telephoto for apparent compression of space

A wide-angle focal length was used here to include the entire scene.

However, the wide-angle focal length made my face bulge out!

Pop-up flash was used to fill in, brighten, the dark shadow.




With Fill Flash

Click below for another photograph.